Fresh leaves and twigs of cajeput tree and paperbark tree are steam distilled to produce cajeput oil. This essential oil can be topically applied after dilution to treat fungal infection and scabies. There are several medicinal uses of this essential oil, for instance as a tonic or treatment of toothache, headache and cold. It has an effect to relieve pain therefore used in combination with other ingredients in antiseptic lotions. Cajeput oil has a unique flavour, a small amount of this oil can be used for flavouring food and beverages.